Topics
 
  • Introduction to System Administration
  • System Management Tool (smit)
  • Managing Devices
  • System Startup/Shutdown
  • File System Concepts
  • The Journaled File System
  • Backup and Restore
  • Logical Volume Manager
  • Managing Users and Groups
  • AIX Queuing System
  • Basic Problem Determination
 
Audience
  New AIX system administrators or administrators migrating from other UNIX systems to AIX
 
Prerequisites
  A familiarity with using the UNIX operating system, including using vi, navigating file systems and using basic commands.
 
Duration
  Five days.

Outline for AIX System Administration

1. System Administration Concepts

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Who is the system administrator?
  • What does the system administrator do?
  • What a system administrator must know
  • Using the root login id
  • Aix configuration files
  • System security
  • Lecture summary

 

2. The System Management Interface Tool

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Unix system management -- the old way
  • Aix system management
  • The philosophy -- "smit happens"
  • High level commands
  • Smit tasks
  • Smit screens
  • Smit screen symbols
  • Smit function keys
  • The log and script files
  • The smit graphical user interface
  • Executing smit
  • Lecture summary

 

3.Managing AIX User Accounts and Groups

 

  • Objectives
  • Lecture objectives
  • Attributes of a user accounts
  • Managing aix groups
  • Passwords

 

4. Managing AIX User Accounts and Groups (Cont'd)

 

  • Aix user and group management files
  • The /etc/passwd file
  • The /etc/security/passwd file
  • The /etc/group file
  • The /etc/security/group file
  • Group administrators
  • The /etc/security/user file
  • The /etc/security/limits file
  • The /etc/security/login.cfg file
  • User management tasks
  • Adding a new user
  • The /usr/lib/security/user.default file
  • Removing a user
  • Adding a group
  • Setting port attributes
  • User services
  • Lecture summary

 

5.AIX Device Management

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Aix devices
  • Aix device management strategy
  • Device management tasks
  • The configuration manager (/etc/cfgmgr)
  • The object data manager
  • Methods and device states
  • A word about scsi devices
  • Device management through smit
  • Adding devices
  • Removing a device
  • Changing a device
  • Device management commands
  • Lecture summary

 

6. The AIX Queueing System

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Queueing system concepts
  • Queue configurations
  • Components of the aix queueing system
  • The qdaemon program
  • The /etc/qconfig file
  • Backend programs
  • Adding a printer and queue
  • Managing queues
  • Queueing system files
  • Correcting a configuration problem
  • Using the queueing system
  • Specifying the destination queue and printer
  • Creating a batch queue
  • Configuring a print server
  • Configuring a print client
  • Working with virtual printers
  • Lecture summary
  • Additional information

 

7. File System Basics

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • File types
  • Ordinary files
  • Inodes
  • Directories
  • Pathnames -- the big picture
  • The global file system
  • Physical file systems
  • Virtual file systems
  • Aix file system device names
  • Mounting file systems
  • Seeing what's mounted
  • The /etc/filesystems file
  • Unmounting file systems
  • Mounting over a non-empty directory
  • The fuser command
  • Listing file systems
  • File system groups
  • Monitoring file system space -- the df command
  • Files that grow
  • Other file system commands
  • Hard links
  • Tracing hard links
  • Symbolic links
  • Additional information
  • Lecture summary

8. The Journaled File System

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Features of the journaled file system
  • The structure of the jfs
  • Data block access schemes
  • Jfs control files
  • The jfs log
  • Creating a journaled file system
  • Extending a journaled file system
  • Removing a journaled file system
  • Jfs data block fragmentation
  • Setting the number of inodes
  • File system defragmentation -- the defragfs command
  • Additional information
  • Lecture summary

9. The Logical Volume Manager

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • The aix disk i/o strategy
  • Features of the logical volume manager
  • Physical volumes
  • Volume groups
  • Physical partitions
  • Logical volumes
  • Logical partitions
  • An introduction to mirroring
  • The volume group descriptor area
  • The rootvg
  • Adding a physical volume to the system
  • Creating a volume group
  • Varying on a volume group
  • Varying off a volume group
  • Logical volume strategies
  • Creating a logical volume
  • Additional information
  • Lecture summary

10. AIX Backup and Restore

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Reasons for doing backups
  • Types of backups
  • Tools for backups and restores
  • Archive files and tape drive attributes
  • Tape device names
  • Creating and using a stacked tape
  • Restoring from a stacked tape
  • Backing up the root volume group
  • Restoring from a system image backup
  • The backup command
  • Backing up filesystems
  • Backing up filesystems, cont.
  • Filesystem backup strategy
  • Restoring a filesystem
  • Backing up individual files
  • Additional information
  • Lecture summary

11. AIX Backup and Restore

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • The aix boot process
  • The configuration manager
  • Run levels
  • The /etc/inittab file
  • Start-up shell scripts
  • The /sbin/rc.boot file
  • Changing run levels
  • The init command
  • Halting the system
  • The shutdown command
  • Lecture summary

12. Basic AIX Problem Determination

 

  • Lecture objectives
  • Aix problem determination
  • The operator panel
  • The aix boot process
  • Potential boot problems
  • The problem solving guide
  • Booting the system in service mode
  • Hardware diagnostics
  • The error log
  • Error reports
  • Cleaning the error log
  • System dumps
  • Lecture summary