Objectives

At the end of the course, attendees will be able to:

  • Explain the many significant benefits of virtualization
  • Install ESXi Server according to best practices
  • Upgrade and use Host Client to manage stand alone ESXi hosts
  • Configure and manage local storage resources
  • Create virtual and virtual to physical network configurations
  • Define and use file share (NAS / NFS) datastores Create virtual machines, install operating systems and applications
  • Install, configure and upgrade VMware Tools
  • Install, configure and update the Platform Service Controller and vCenter Server Appliance
  • Rapidly deployment of VMs using golden-master templates
  • Create clones – one-time copies of virtual machine
  • Use Guest OS customization to rapidly configure new VMs according to requirements
  • Configure and use hotplug hardware including hot-add vCPUs and Memory
  • Configure, manage, monitor and secure users and groups
  • Understand the benefits and trade offs of network attached storage and Fibre, iSCSI SANs
  • Configure and use shared SAN storage including Fibre SAN, iSCSI SAN
  • Add and grow virtual disks including system disks and secondary volumes
  • Use vCenter alarms to monitor ESXi, VM, storage and network health, performance, state
  • Use Resource Pools to bulk delegate resource to meet Service Level Agreements
  • Perform VM cold migrations, hot VMotion migrations and Storage VMotion
  • Configure and manage server CPU and Memory capacity and maintain VM responsiveness with Distributed Resource Schedule load balanced clusters
  • Deliver high VM service availability using VMware High Availability clusters
  • Use HA to successfully minimize VM down time caused by ESXi host failures, storage network failures or SAN volume failures
  • Patch and update ESXi servers using vCenter Update Manager
  • Monitor and tune both ESXi and virtual machine performance
  • Understand how VMware and third party products, including operating systems, are impacted by virtualization
  • Troubleshoot common problems

Prerequisites

Attendees should have user, operator or administrator experience on common operating systems such as Microsoft Windows®, Linux™, UNIX™, etc. Experience installing, configuring and managing operating systems, storage systems and or networks is useful but not required. We assume that all attendees have a basic familiarity with PC server hardware, disk partitioning, IP addressing, O/S installation, networking, etc.

Audience

This class is suitable for anyone who want to learn how to extract the maximum benefit from their investment in Virtual Infrastructure, including:

  • System architects or others who need to design virtual infrastructure
  • Security specialists responsible for administering, managing, securing Virtual Infrastructure
  • Operators responsible for day-to-day operation of Virtual Infrastructure
  • Performance analysts who need to understand, provision, monitor Virtual Infrastructure
  • Business Continuity specialists responsible for disaster recovery and high availability
  • Storage administrators who work with Fibre / iSCSI SAN volumes and NAS datastores
  • Managers who need an unbiased understanding of virtualization before committing their organization to a virtual infrastructure deployment.

Duration

5 Days

Outline for VMware vSphere 6.7 with ESXi and vCenter

Chapter 1 - Virtualization Infrastructure Overview

  • Virtualization explained
  • How VMware virtualization compares to traditional PC deployments
  • Common pain points in PC Server management
  • How virtualization effectively addresses common IT issues
  • VMware vSphere software products
  • What's New and Improved in vSphere 6.7

Chapter 2 – How to Install, Configure ESXi 6.7

  • Understanding ESXi
  • Selecting, validating and preparing your server
  • Storage controllers, disks and partitions
  • Software installation and best practices
  • Joining ESXi to a Domain
  • Local User Management and Policies
  • First look at the VMware vSphere Host Client

Chapter 3 – Virtual and Physical Networking

  • vNetwork standard and distributed virtual Switches
  • Virtual Switches, Ports and Port Groups
  • Creating VMkernel NICs
  • Creating, sizing and customizing Virtual Switches

Chapter 4 – Connecting to and Using NAS Shared Storage

  • Benefits Shared Storage offer to Virtual Infrastructure
  • Shared Storage options
  • NFS Overview
  • Configuring ESX to use NFS Shares
  • Configuring NFS for performance and redundancy
  • NFS Use Cases
  • Troubleshooting NFS connections

Chapter 5 – Virtual Hardware and Virtual Machines

  • VM virtual hardware, options and limits
  • Sizing and creating a new VM
  • Assigning, modifying and removing Virtual Hardware
  • Working with a VM’s BIOS
  • VMware remote console applications
  • Installing an OS into a VM
  • Driver installation and customization
  • Use and update VMware Host Client

Chapter 6 – vCenter Server Appliance and Web Client

  • The need for Identity Source management
  • Installing and configuring vCenter Server Appliance with embedded Platform Service Controller
  • Connecting Single Sign On (SSO) to Active Directory and other identity sources
  • vCenter feature overview and components
  • Organizing vCenter's inventory views
  • Importing ESXi hosts into vCenter management
  • Installing and Using the vSphere Next Generation Web Client

Chapter 7 – VM Rapid Deployment using Templates, Clones

  • Templates - Virtual Machine Golden Master images
  • Creating, modifying, updating and working with Templates
  • Patching, and refreshing Templates
  • Cloning, one time copies of VMs
  • Best practices for cloning and templating
  • Adding and resizing virtual disks
  • Hotplug VM virtual CPUs and Memory
  • Hotplug VM virtual CPUs and Memory

Chapter 8 – ESXi and vCenter Permission Model

  • VMware Security model
  • Configuring local users
  • Managing local permissions
  • vCenter security model
  • Local, Domain and Active Directory users and groups
  • How permissions are applied

Chapter 9 – Using Fibre and iSCSI Shared Storage

  • Fibre SAN overview
  • Identifying and using Fibre Host Bus Adapters
  • Scanning and Rescanning Fibre SANs
  • iSCSI overview
  • Virtual and physical iSCSI adapters
  • Connecting to iSCSI storage
  • Scanning and rescanning iSCSI SANS
  • Performance and redundancy considerations and best practices
  • Understanding the benefits of VMware VAAI compliant storage

Chapter 10 – VMware File System (VMFS)

  • Unique file system properties of VMFS
  • Managing shared Volumes
  • Creating new VMFS partitions
  • Introduction to VMFS 6 features and capabilities
  • Managing VMFS capacity with LUN spanning and LUN expansion
  • Native and 3rd party Multipathing with Fibre and iSCSI SANs
  • VMFS performance considerations
  • VMFS scalability and reliability

Chapter 11 – Infrastructure Monitoring with vCenter Alarms

  • Alarm categories and definitions
  • Creating custom alarms and actions
  • Reviewing alarms and acknowledging them
  • Configure vCenter so it can send E-mail and SNMP alerts
  • Work with alarm conditions, triggers and actions
  • Identify most useful alarms to review and enable

Chapter 12 – Resource Management and Resource Pools

  • Delegate resources in bulk using Resource Pools
  • How ESX delivers resources to VMs
  • Shares, Reservations and Limits
  • CPU resource scheduling
  • Memory resource scheduling
  • Resource Pools

Chapter 13 – VMotion Migration, Cold Migration, Storage VMotion

  • Cold Migrations to new ESX hosts, datastores
  • Hot Migrations with VMotion
  • VMotion requirements and dependencies
  • How VMotion works – detailed explanation
  • How to test ESXi hosts and VMs for VMotion compatibility
  • Troubleshooting VMotion
  • Storage VMotion for hot VM disk migrations

Chapter 14 – Distributed Resource Scheduling Load Balanced Clusters

  • CPU and Memory resource balanced clusters with VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
  • Resource balanced clusters with VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler
  • DRS Cluster configuration and tuning
  • Per-VM cluster policy overrides
  • Learn the features and benefits of DRS Power Management

Chapter 15 – Failure Recovery with High Availability Clusters

  • High Availability options to minimize unplanned down time
  • VMware High Availability clusters
  • How VMware HA protects against ESXi host, storage network and SAN volume failures
  • Introduction to VMware Fault Tolerance

Chapter 16 – Patch Management with VMware Update Manager

  • Configure and enable VMware Update Manager
  • Establishing a patch baseline
  • Verifying compliance and patching ESXi hosts

Chapter 17 – Managing Scalability and Performance

  • VMkernel CPU and memory resource management mechanisms
  • Tuning VM storage I/O performance
  • Identifying and resolving resource contention
  • Monitoring VM and ESX host performance
  • Performance and capacity planning strategies

Chapter 18 – Final Thoughts

  • Consolidation guidelines for VMs and Storage
  • Determining which workloads to consolidate
  • Other considerations