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Home > Training > Enterprise Architecture (EA) > Solution Architecture Training: SA Practitioner’s Guide (Extended)

Solution Architecture Training: SA Practitioner’s Guide (Extended)

Quick Enroll

Course#: WA2325
Courseware: Available for sale

This training course covers the fundamentals of solution architecture concepts and techniques.

The course covers stakeholder identification, including identifying the stakeholder viewpoints. It covers the concept of architecturally significant that drives the architecture artifacts, including system process models, system use cases, change cases, and architecture requirements. The course material and techniques are based on industry best practices such as 4+1 architecture, business-driven architecture, and requirements-driven architecture. The course includes hands-on labs related to core architecture skills such as developing non-functional requirements, developing architecture views, using architecture patterns, and performing architecture reviews.

Objectives

By taking this training, the architect should be able to:

  • Work with business use cases and requirements to identify architecturally significant requirements
  • Define architecture to fulfill the requirements, ensuring that it is traceable, verifiable, and measurable
  • Communicate the architecture to technical teams for implementation, use and ongoing support
  • Demonstrate the value of the architecture to the business
  • Identify and apply appropriate techniques to build momentum in the rapid delivery of successful solutions

Audience

Solution Architects new to SA

Prerequisites

None

Duration

4 Days

Outline of WA2325 Solution Architecture Training: SA Practitioner’s Guide (Extended) Training

Chapter 1 - Introduction

  • Introductions
  • Course Outline
  • Handouts & Appendices
  • Practical Application: Building Skills
  • Practical Application: Filling Your Toolbox
  • Course Evaluation & Questions
  • Course Delivery Overview

Chapter 2 - Solution Architecture Overview

  • Why is Solution Architecture Important?
  • Communications Vehicle Among Stakeholders
  • The Project is Organized Around Architectural Elements
  • What is a System?
  • Why Focus on Structure?
  • Solution Architecture Context
  • Solution Architecture & Domains
  • SA Spans All Domains
  • Relationship to EA Architecture Development Process
  • Solution Architecture
  • Example: Solution Architecture Stakeholders
  • Solution Architecture Deliverables
  • EA Involvement in SA
  • Architecturally Significant
  • Group Discussion: Architecture
  • Resource: Software Engineering Institute (SEI)
  • Resource: SWEBOK
  • Resource: OpenUp
  • Resource: Microsoft Library
  • Group Discussion: Methodologies
  • Summary

Chapter 3 - Core Solution Architecture Methods

  • Shared Vision
  • Example Shared Vision
  • Draw the Boundary
  • Well-defined Interface
  • Example: Context Diagram
  • Identify the External Interfaces
  • Subsystems
  • Subsystem Context Diagram
  • Layers
  • Example: Subsystems with Layers
  • Components
  • Decomposing the System
  • Partitioning Patterns
  • Example Partitioning Based on Patterns
  • Example: Healthcare SOA Framework
  • Requirements Allocation
  • Group Discussion: Requirements Allocation
  • Configuration Management Implications
  • Release Management Implications
  • Testing Implications
  • Work Pattern & Skill Set Implications
  • Work & Build Dependencies
  • Increment/Sprint Planning
  • Sizing Implications
  • More Than Executable Architecture
  • Development Architecture
  • Operations Architecture
  • Group Discussion: Integrating Operations Architecture
  • Summary

Chapter 4 - Stakeholder Management

  • Stakeholders
  • Stakeholder Management
  • When to Focus on Stakeholder Management
  • Steps in the Stakeholder Management Process
  • Identifying Stakeholders
  • Points to Consider
  • Example Stakeholders & Concerns
  • Classifying Their Positions: The Stakeholder Matrix
  • Determining the Stakeholder Management Approach and Tailoring the Deliverables: The Stakeholder Map
  • Example: Stakeholder Map
  • Template: Stakeholder Map Matrix Template
  • Summary

Chapter 5 - Architecture Requirements

  • Architecture Quality Attributes
  • Quality of Service Requirement Categories
  • Checklist: Quality Attribute (QA) Categories
  • Trade-off Analysis
  • Group Discussion: Trade-offs
  • Technique: Requirement Patterns
  • Tool: Non-Functional Requirement Patterns
  • Checklist: Requirement Statement Best Practices
  • Technique: Architecture Change Cases
  • Template: Elements of a Change Case
  • Example: Change Case
  • Eliciting Change Cases
  • Group Discussion: Change Case
  • Summary

Chapter 6 - Solution Architecture Styles

  • Catalog of Architectural Styles
  • Asynchronous Messaging
  • Message Oriented Middleware (MOM)
  • Example MOM implementation Platforms
  • MOM Messaging
  • MOM Qualities
  • Publish/Subscribe Messaging
  • Point-to-Point Messaging (P2P)
  • MOM Related Standards
  • MOM Example
  • Service Oriented Architecture (SOA)
  • Service-Oriented Interaction Model
  • SOA Characteristics
  • Microservices
  • Microservices Architecture
  • Microservices vs Enterprise Service Bus (ESB)
  • Many Flavors of Web Services
  • Understanding REST
  • Principles of RESTful Services
  • SOAP and RESTful Web Services
  • Summary

Chapter 7 - Defining the Cloud

  • A Bit of History
  • Cloud Computing at a Glance
  • Electrical Power Grid Service Analogy
  • The NIST Perspective
  • Five Characteristics
  • On-demand Self-Service (NIST Characteristic)
  • Broad Network Access (NIST Characteristic)
  • Resource Pooling (NIST Characteristic)
  • Rapid Elasticity (NIST Characteristic)
  • Measured Service (NIST Characteristic)
  • The Three Cloud Service Models: IaaS, PaaS and SaaS
  • The Four Cloud Deployment Models (NIST)
  • The NIST Cloud Definition Framework
  • A Hybrid Cloud Diagram
  • Cloud Services
  • Managed vs Unmanaged Services
  • Shared Responsibility Model
  • The AWS (Simplified) Service Stack
  • Summary

Chapter 8 - Quality of Service (QoS) Requirements

  • Qualities of Service and Design
  • Performance: Requirements
  • Performance: Response Time Pattern
  • Performance: Transaction Time Patterns
  • Performance: Throughput Pattern
  • Scalability
  • Scalability: Capacity Patterns
  • Reliability & Availability
  • Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
  • Availability: Pattern
  • Extensibility
  • Maintainability
  • Manageability
  • Security
  • Cultural Adaptability
  • Portability
  • Testability
  • Usability
  • Upgradeability
  • Recoverability
  • Recovery Time Objective (RTO)
  • Recovery Point Objective (RPO)
  • Prioritizing Quality of Service Requirements
  • Inspecting QoS Requirements for Trade-off Opportunities
  • Quality of Service Testing

Chapter 9 - Supporting QoS Requirements

  • Tactics
  • Availability Tactics
  • Supporting System's High Availability
  • The CAP Theorem
  • Mechanisms to Guarantee a Single CAP Property
  • Modifiability Tactics
  • Horizontal and Vertical Scalability
  • Leveraging Cloud Scaling Services
  • Performance Tactics
  • Achieving the Performance You Need
  • Security Tactics
  • Single Sign-On (SSO) with Federated Identity Management
  • OpenID
  • OpenID Communication Diagram
  • OAuth 2.0
  • OAuth 2.0 Communication Diagram
  • OpenID Connect
  • OpenID Connect Communication Diagram
  • Operational Security in the Cloud
  • DevOps Security Concerns
  • Testability Tactics
  • Achieving Testability with Test-Driven Development and Continuous Integration
  • Typical Setup for OSS-based Continuous Integration
  • Responsive Web Design (RWD) Support for Usability
  • Summary

Chapter 10 - Patterns

  • What are Patterns?
  • Elements of a Pattern
  • Pattern Levels
  • Pattern Types
  • How to Start Using Patterns?
  • Common Architectural Patterns
  • Layers Pattern
  • Example: Retail Layered Architecture
  • Object-Oriented Design Patterns
  • OO Design Patterns
  • Structural Design Pattern: Facade Pattern Example
  • Enterprise Integration Patterns
  • Messaging Systems: Overview
  • Example Pattern: Pipes and Filters
  • Example: Monitoring Credit Bureau
  • EAA Patterns
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC) Pattern
  • SOA Patterns
  • Example: Saga Pattern
  • Business Process Patterns
  • Example: Synchronizing Merge Pattern
  • Configuration Management Patterns
  • New Patterns Continue to Emerge
  • Group Discussion: Patterns
  • Summary

Chapter 11 - Architecture Requirement Techniques

  • Requirements Management
  • Requirements Management Activities
  • Best Practices
  • Baselining Requirements
  • Desirable RM Repository Characteristics
  • Example: Behavior Driven Development
  • Why Traceability?
  • Identifying Candidate Tactics, Patterns and Styles
  • Requirements-Tactics-Patterns-Styles
  • Making Architectural Decisions
  • Architectural Measurement
  • Implementing Architectural Measurement
  • Example Metrics
  • Summary

Chapter 12 - Views & Viewpoints

  • Views and Viewpoints
  • Views
  • Example View: Claim Handling from a Process Viewpoint
  • Example View: Claim Handling from a Data Viewpoint
  • Example View: Claim Handling Project from a Financial Viewpoint
  • Contents of Views and Viewpoints
  • Example Formal Viewpoint: Security
  • Software Architecture Viewpoints: 4+1
  • Group Discussion: Viewpoints
  • Summary

Chapter 13 - Architecture Concepts

  • Fundamental Architecture Concepts
  • Abstraction
  • Coupling
  • Cohesion
  • Decomposition & Modularization
  • Encapsulation & Information Hiding
  • Separation of Interface & Implementation
  • Summary

Chapter 14 - Architecture Deliverables

  • Documentation Best Practices
  • Architecture Requirements Document
  • Template: Requirements Specification
  • IEEE Architectural Description Document
  • Template: Architectural Description Document
  • TOGAF Architecture Definition Document
  • Templates: Architectural Definition Document
  • Group Discussion: Architecture Definition Documents
  • Interface Specifications
  • Interface Specification Best Practices
  • Interface Design Document
  • Template: Interface Design Document
  • Database Design Document
  • Template: Database Design Document
  • Platform Design Document
  • Template: Platform Design Document
  • Architecture Decision Document
  • Template: Architecture Decision Document
  • Verbal Supports: CREST
  • Group Discussion: Presentations
  • Summary

Chapter 15 - Business Architecture

  • Business Architecture Models & Diagrams
  • Business Process Concepts
  • Example: Medicaid Business Process Model
  • Example: Medicaid Business Process Definition
  • Business Function Concepts
  • Example: HL7 EHR Functional Model
  • Example: Process Flow Diagram
  • Resource: Business Analysis Book of Knowledge (BABOK)
  • Resource: Business Architecture Body of Knowledge (BIZBOK™)
  • Summary

Chapter 16 - Data Architecture

  • Data Modeling
  • Conceptual Data Model
  • Example: Conceptual Data Model
  • Example: Property & Casualty Conceptual Data Model
  • Example: Data Entities
  • Logical Data Model
  • Normalization
  • Abstraction
  • Example: Logical Data Model
  • Physical Data Model
  • Example: Physical Data Model
  • Data Modeling Notation
  • Entity Relationship Diagram (ERD)
  • Cardinality
  • Annotated Relationships
  • Subtype Relationship
  • Resource: DAMA DMBOK
  • Summary

Chapter 17 - Data Domain Systems

  • First, Some Practical Observations ...
  • Data vs Information
  • The Need to Bridge the Gap
  • The Three Vs of Big Data
  • Limitations of Relational Databases
  • Limitations of Relational Databases (Cont'd)
  • What are NoSQL (Not Only SQL) Databases?
  • The Past and Present of the NoSQL World
  • NoSQL Database Properties
  • NoSQL Benefits
  • NoSQL Database Storage Types
  • The NoSQL Systems CAP Triangle
  • Limitations of NoSQL Databases
  • Big Data Sharding
  • Sharding Example
  • Mix-and-match Approach
  • Amazon S3
  • Amazon Storage SLAs
  • Amazon Glacier
  • Data Lifecycle Management with Amazon S3
  • Microsoft Azure Data Management Capabilities
  • Hadoop
  • Hadoop Distributed File System
  • HBase
  • Apache Spark
  • The Spark Platform
  • Running Spark on a Cluster
  • MongoDB
  • MongoDB Use Cases
  • Apache Cassandra
  • Apache Cassandra Design
  • Cassandra's Main Features and Qualities of Service
  • Summary

Chapter 18 - Technical Architecture

  • What is Technical Architecture?
  • Two Components of Technical Architecture
  • Software Architecture
  • What a Technical Architecture is Not
  • Architectural Views
  • Rational Unified Process (RUP) 4 + 1 Views
  • The Implementation View
  • The Deployment View
  • Technology Modeling
  • The Essential Project: Technology Modeling overview
  • Layers of the Enterprise Architecture
  • Relationship with Other Architectures
  • Relationship between Business Architecture and TA
  • Relationship between EA, SA and TA
  • SA vs TA
  • Technical Architecture's Scope
  • The Technical Architect's Areas of Expertise
  • The Technical Architect's Tasks
  • Target System Elements Identification
  • Technical Architecture Governance
  • System Capacity Planning
  • Summary

Chapter 19 - Packaged Software and SaaS

  • Alternatives to Custom Development and Hosting
  • Open Source Software
  • Frameworks
  • Cloud Computing
  • Integration of Mixed Solutions
  • Implications for Architecture
  • Packaged Software Advantages & Disadvantages
  • SaaS Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Open Source Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Integration Strategies
  • The API Economy
  • COTS Implication: Accept Design Influence
  • COTS Implication: Plan for Stability
  • COTS Implication: Sustain Competency
  • COTS Implication: Vendor Lock-In
  • COTS Implication: Balance Business Needs & Architecture
  • COTS Inherent Risks
  • COTS Risk Management Strategy #1
  • COTS Risk Management Strategy #2
  • COTS Risk Management Strategy #3
  • Group Discussion: COTS
  • Typical COTS Architecture
  • Summary

Chapter 20 - Building Modern Applications

  • Next Generation Methodologies, Approaches, Tools, and Applications
  • Web 2.0
  • Rich Internet Client Applications
  • Single Page Applications (SPA) with AngularJS
  • Two-way Data Binding (the AngularJS Way)
  • Other Client Side MV(C) Frameworks
  • "Rich Client" - "Thin Server" Architecture
  • Mobile Platforms
  • Types of Mobile Applications
  • Native Mobile Applications
  • Mobile Web Applications
  • Hybrid Mobile Applications
  • Hybrid App Tools and Frameworks
  • RIA as a Driving Force to Turn the "Thin Server" into Microservice(s)
  • So, How Can Microservices Help Me?
  • The Data Exchange Interoperability Consideration
  • Microservices in Their Purest Form: AWS Lambdas
  • The Microservices Architecture Design Principles
  • Decentralized Processing
  • Crossing Process Boundary is Expensive!
  • Managing Microservices
  • Traditional Enterprise Application Architecture (Simplified)
  • Microservices Architecture Example (Simplified)
  • Design for Failure
  • Fault Injection During System Testing
  • Architecting in the Cloud
  • The Building Blocks of a Fault-tolerant Application on AWS
  • Dev and Ops Views
  • What is DevOps?
  • More DevOps Definitions
  • DevOps and Software Delivery Life Cycle
  • Main DevOps Objectives
  • The Term "DevOps" is Evolving!
  • Infrastructure as Code
  • Prerequisites for DevOps Success
  • Alignment with Business Needs
  • Collaborative Development
  • Continuous Testing and Integration
  • Continuous Release and Deployment
  • Continuous Application Monitoring
  • Standing Up DevOps
  • Select DevOps Techniques and Practices
  • Containerization and Virtualization
  • Machine Images On Demand
  • Virtualization
  • Hypervisors
  • Docker Containers
  • Docker Containers vs Traditional Virtualization
  • Docker as Platform-as-a-Service
  • Docker Integration
  • Docker Application Container Public Repository
  • Kubernetes
  • Other Containerization Systems
  • Where to Use Virtualization and Containerization
  • Summary

Chapter 21 - Reference Architecture

  • Reference Architecture
  • Reference Architecture Components
  • Reference Architecture Summarized
  • Reference Architecture Context
  • Architecture Principles
  • Components of Principles
  • Qualities of a Good Set of Principles
  • Templates: Principle & Principle Catalog
  • Example: Architecture Principles
  • Sample: Architecture Principles
  • Group Discussion: Principles
  • Applying Architecture Principles
  • Policies
  • Template: Policy
  • Example: Governance Policies
  • Example: SOA Policy
  • Example: Policies
  • Reference Models
  • Example: Reference Model
  • Example: Architecture Use Cases
  • Example: SOA Reference Architecture
  • Practices: Standards & Guidelines
  • Example: Interoperability Standards
  • Resource: Financial Industry Organizations
  • Resource: Health Industry Organizations
  • Resource: Retail Industry Organizations
  • Resource: Technical Organizations
  • Industry Organizations
  • Insurance Industry Standards ROI
  • Requirements
  • Example: Mobile Security Reference Architecture
  • Example: MSRA Requirements
  • Architecture Building Blocks: Reusable Requirement Sets
  • Resource: NIST Security Requirements
  • Example: COTS Standard Requirements Set
  • Summary

Handout 1 - Sample Principles

  • Business Principles
  • Data Principles
  • Application Principles
  • Technology Principles
  • Governance Principles
  • SOA Governance Principles

Handout 2 - Requirement Statement Checklist

  • Introduction
  • Requirement Statement Review Checklist

Handout 3 - Requirement Patterns

Handout 4 - Quality Attribute (QA)/Quality of Service (QoS) Categories

  • Introduction
  • Quality Attributes

Handout 5 - Business Use Case Rubric

Handout 6 - Mobile Application Architecture

  • The Model View Controller (MVC) Pattern
  • Advantages of MVC
  • The Model Layer
  • Controller Responsibilities
  • Controller in Android
  • View Layer in Android
  • Model Layer Issues in Mobile Applications
  • Controller Layer Issues
  • View Layer Issues
  • Cross Cutting Issues
  • Mobile Architecture and Pattern Resources
  • Summary

Appendix A - Reference Library

  • Overview
  • Industry Organizations
  • References & Further Reading

Appendix B - Architecture Glossary

  • ABC
  • DEF
  • GHI
  • MNO
  • PQR
  • STU
  • VWXYZ

Appendix C - Pattern List

Appendix D - Solution Architecture Styles

  • Web 2.0
  • The WOA Difference
  • Web 2.0 Technologies
  • REST: Constraints
  • REST: Uniform Interface
  • REST Example
  • Plain-Old-XML (POX) Example
  • JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)
  • Really Simple Syndication (RSS) & Atom
  • Syndication Example
  • Business Process Management
  • Further Qualifying BPM
  • BPM Architecture
  • BPM Architecture Model
  • BPM Standards
  • Master Data Management (MDM)
  • Understanding Master Data
  • Qualities of Master Data
  • MDM Implementation Styles
  • MDM Example
  • Summary

Appendix E - Business Process Modeling

  • BPMN Event Symbols and Definitions
  • Activities, Gateways, and Objects
  • Flow Connectors

Appendix F - UML Reference

  • UML Class
  • UML Interface
  • UML Associations
  • UML Association Class
  • UML Aggregation & Composition
  • UML Generalization

Appendix G - Class Diagrams

  • Package Diagram
  • Package Diagram Illustrated
  • Class Diagram
  • Example: Annotated Class Diagram
  • Example: Application Framework Class Diagram
  • Example: Architectural Solution Diagram
  • Class Diagram Notation
  • Multiplicity
  • Aggregation
  • Composition
  • Summary

Appendix H - Interaction Diagrams

  • Subsystem Interaction Diagrams
  • Pattern Interaction Diagrams
  • Interaction Diagrams
  • Sequence Diagram Illustrated
  • Sequence Diagram
  • Sequence Diagram Notation
  • Annotated Sequence Diagram
  • Message Notation
  • Annotated Message Notation
  • Example: Sequence Diagram
  • Summary

Appendix I - Deployment Diagrams

  • Deployment Diagram
  • Notation: Nodes
  • Stereotypes
  • Associations
  • Example: Deployment Diagram
  • Summary

Appendix J - Develop Class Diagram

Appendix K - The Solution Architecture Toolbox Summary

  • What Goes in A Toolbox
  • Practitioner Toolbox Items

Appendix L - Lessons Learned

  • Process Recommendations Summary
  • Structural Recommendations Summary
  • Anti-Patterns
  • Anti-Pattern: Bleeding Edge
  • Anti-Pattern: Gold-plating
  • Anti-Pattern: Strive for Perfection
  • Anti-Pattern: Stuck in the Weeds
  • Anti-Pattern: Technology Above All
  • Group Discussion
  • Summary

Appendix M - Application Architecture

  • The 4+1 Views Approach
  • Take a Multiple View Approach
  • UML: Unified Modeling Language
  • UML Notation Examples
  • Use Case View
  • Logical View
  • Process Views
  • Implementation View
  • Deployment View
  • Summary

Appendix N - Use Cases

  • Use Cases
  • Architecture Use Cases
  • Use Case Diagram Notation
  • Example: Use Case Diagram
  • Template: Use Case
  • Use Case Patterns:Team Composition
  • Use an Iterative Approach
  • When Is A Use Case Done?
  • Use Case Patterns: Use Case Set
  • The Single-minded Use Case
  • Use Case Patterns: Scenarios & Steps
  • Use Case Patterns: Relationships
  • Summary

Lab Exercises

Lab 1. Stakeholder Identification
Lab 2. Identifying Requirements Anti-Patterns
Lab 3. Quality of Service (QoS) Requirements
Lab 4. Define Tactics for a Quality Attribute
Lab 5. Identifying Tactics for a Pattern
Lab 6. Requirements Management
Lab 7. Viewpoints and Views
Lab 8. Domain Architecture
Lab 9. Architecture Techniques
Lab 10. Extra: Identify Architecture Use Cases & Change Cases
Lab 11. Extra: Solution Domain Rubric

Address Start Date End Date
Instructor Led Virtual 11/27/2017 11/30/2017
Instructor Led Virtual 12/18/2017 12/21/2017
Instructor Led Virtual 03/12/2018 03/15/2018
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